Qualitative quantative research papers

These synthesized challenges were used in the development of a conceptual framework for evaluating the challenges that have a correlation and linear relationship with Scrum adoption. Following this, a survey questionnaire was used to test and evaluate the factors forming part of the developed framework. The findings indicate that Relative Advantage, Complexity, and Sprint Management are factors that have a significant linear relationship with Scrum adoption.

Our recommendation is that organizations consider these findings during their adoption phase of Scrum. Work immersion program, provide students ahands-on training or work simulation, giving a set of skills that can help them make more informed about their career choices and improve their employment prospects. Zambales National High School The purpose of the study was to analyze the perception of sports track students toward work immersion after they have experienced it for better understanding of its impact to their lives and their career choice. The study used a descriptive research with a qualitative approach using multiple-case study design.

The findings were drawn from the open-ended questionnaires and the semi-structured interviews of Grade 12 sports track students.

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research Paper - EssayEmpire

Work immersion was very effective in developing skills relevant to their respective sports and serves as training preparation for their career choice. It has a great impact to their lives because it improved their technical knowledge and skills relevant incoaching, officiating, training athletes and organizing sports event. Their work immersion was focused in training andfield activitiesappropriate and suitable to their age, gender and sports event. Condemning a laissez faire approach to English Language Teaching ELT , English as a Foreign Language EFL teacher trainers unanimously agree that the building blocks of teachers' teaching framework are profoundly influenced by Condemning a laissez faire approach to English Language Teaching ELT , English as a Foreign Language EFL teacher trainers unanimously agree that the building blocks of teachers' teaching framework are profoundly influenced by conducting research.

To this objective, 30 male and female EFL teachers were non-randomly selected and randomly assigned to two groups. In two Research classes, the experimental group received the CAPR whereas the control group received traditional teacher-centered instruction with summative assessment.

Therefore, it seems accurate to argue that ELT teacher training programs should endeavor to involve the students in a mentally engaging process, e. CAPR, where the content of the course is put into practice by the students, something which is required for balancing the concrete and the abstract. To meet this objective, 30 male To meet this objective, 30 male and female ELT teachers were non-randomly selected and randomly assigned to two groups.

In two research classes, the experimental group received the CAPR, whereas the control group received conventional teacher-centered instruction with summative assessment. The QRL questionnaire was employed as the pretest and posttest. After ensuring the pre-treatment homo-geneity of the participants in terms of QRL, analyzing the post-treatment data through running an independent samples t-test indicated that there was a significant difference in post-treatment QRL scores between the participants in the experimental group and the control group.

Mania Nosratinia. Evolution teaching is a problematic issue. For this purpose, we constructed a questionnaire that was For this purpose, we constructed a questionnaire that was distributed to the target population and to which teachers responded. We used quantitative method to determine factors that may characterize the ET milieu and which of the factors of PCK apply or not to ET. Our research finds that Biology teachers although strive to teach evolution, face specific difficulties due to lack of PCK. The research results may be useful when organizing and implementing professional development programs of teachers on ET.

Qualitative Research

Rey Ty Types of Research. Types of Research.

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Ethnography has become an important research method in social scientific efforts to understand AIDS. The relationship between ethnography and AIDS has had numerous consequences on the conduct of ethnographic work: a the influx of The relationship between ethnography and AIDS has had numerous consequences on the conduct of ethnographic work: a the influx of large-scale government funding; b the bureaucratization of the ethnographic team; c the need for sophisticated, computerized data management systems; d the use of ethnography as a.

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Quantitative Methods. Follow Following. Qualitative Research. Qualitative Methods. Quantitative methodology. When using inferential statistics , provide the descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, and sample sizes for each variable as well as the value of the test statistic, its direction, the degrees of freedom, and the significance level [report the actual p value].

Avoid inferring causality , particularly in nonrandomized designs or without further experimentation. Use tables to provide exact values ; use figures to convey global effects.

Qualitative research

Keep figures small in size; include graphic representations of confidence intervals whenever possible. Always tell the reader what to look for in tables and figures. Basic Research Design for Quantitative Studies Before designing a quantitative research study, you must decide whether it will be descriptive or experimental because this will dictate how you gather, analyze, and interpret the results.

It covers the following information: Identifies the research problem -- as with any academic study, you must state clearly and concisely the research problem being investigated.

Reviews the literature -- review scholarship on the topic, synthesizing key themes and, if necessary, noting studies that have used similar methods of inquiry and analysis. Note where key gaps exist and how your study helps to fill these gaps or clarifies existing knowledge. Describes the theoretical framework -- provide an outline of the theory or hypothesis underpinning your study. If necessary, define unfamiliar or complex terms, concepts, or ideas and provide the appropriate background information to place the research problem in proper context [e. Study population and sampling -- where did the data come from; how robust is it; note where gaps exist or what was excluded.

Note the procedures used for their selection; Data collection — describe the tools and methods used to collect information and identify the variables being measured; describe the methods used to obtain the data; and, note if the data was pre-existing [i. If you gathered it yourself, describe what type of instrument you used and why. Note that no data set is perfect--describe any limitations in methods of gathering data. Data analysis -- describe the procedures for processing and analyzing the data. If appropriate, describe the specific instruments of analysis used to study each research objective, including mathematical techniques and the type of computer software used to manipulate the data.

Statistical analysis -- how did you analyze the data? What were the key findings from the data? The findings should be present in a logical, sequential order. Describe but do not interpret these trends or negative results; save that for the discussion section. The results should be presented in the past tense.

Interpretation of results -- reiterate the research problem being investigated and compare and contrast the findings with the research questions underlying the study. Did they affirm predicted outcomes or did the data refute it?

Essay on Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research

Description of trends, comparison of groups, or relationships among variables -- describe any trends that emerged from your analysis and explain all unanticipated and statistical insignificant findings. Discussion of implications — what is the meaning of your results? Highlight key findings based on the overall results and note findings that you believe are important. How have the results helped fill gaps in understanding the research problem? Limitations -- describe any limitations or unavoidable bias in your study and, if necessary, note why these limitations did not inhibit effective interpretation of the results.

Summary of findings — synthesize the answers to your research questions. Do not report any statistical data here; just provide a narrative summary of the key findings and describe what was learned that you did not know before conducting the study. Recommendations — if appropriate to the aim of the assignment, tie key findings with policy recommendations or actions to be taken in practice.

Strengths of Using Quantitative Methods Quantitative researchers try to recognize and isolate specific variables contained within the study framework, seek correlation, relationships and causality, and attempt to control the environment in which the data is collected to avoid the risk of variables, other than the one being studied, accounting for the relationships identified. Among the specific strengths of using quantitative methods to study social science research problems: Allows for a broader study, involving a greater number of subjects, and enhancing the generalization of the results; Allows for greater objectivity and accuracy of results.

Generally, quantitative methods are designed to provide summaries of data that support generalizations about the phenomenon under study. In order to accomplish this, quantitative research usually involves few variables and many cases, and employs prescribed procedures to ensure validity and reliability; Applying well establshed standards means that the research can be replicated, and then analyzed and compared with similar studies; You can summarize vast sources of information and make comparisons across categories and over time; and, Personal bias can be avoided by keeping a 'distance' from participating subjects and using accepted computational techniques.

Limitations of Using Quantiative Methods Quantitative methods presume to have an objective approach to studying research problems, where data is controlled and measured, to address the accumulation of facts, and to determine the causes of behavior. A review design that started off being integrated from the beginning may be suitable for some guideline contexts such as in case study 3—risk communication in humanitarian disasters—where there was little evidence of effect , but in general if there are sufficient trials then a separate systematic review and meta-analysis will be required for a guideline.

Other papers in this series offer guidance on methods for synthesising quantitative 46 and qualitative evidence 14 in reviews that take a complexity perspective.