But just because a claim can't be proven doesn't mean it isn't valid or worth making. Even though you can't prove that Terminator 2 is the best film in the franchise which it is , you can certainly substantiate that claim by identifying what makes a film entertaining and then showing how Terminator 2 meets and exceeds those criteria compared to the other films. Anything that proves, substantiates, or otherwise backs up your claim is evidence.
Evidence can include but is not limited to:. While making a claim might come rather naturally to you we are, after all, an opinionated and contradictory species , providing sufficient evidence to prove or substantiate your claim can be tricky. All of these things will combine to provide you the firepower aka evidence you need to back up your claims, prove your point, win your arguments, and persuade your readers.
Though you may not realize it, you probably have asked people quite often what evidence they're using to support their claim. When someone makes some sort of claim that I don't agree with, my first question is usually, "What are you basing that on? Not all evidence is created equal. What your buddies and your professor accept as solid evidence might not be the same. Something that might seem perfectly reasonable to you might seem utterly absurd to me. Why is that? Shouldn't a piece of evidence support the claim equally no matter who is reading your paper?
You would think so, but no. To understand why, it's important to know what a warrant is and how they work differently with different readers. A warrant, simply put, is the assumption that your reader needs to agree with in order to find your evidence strong enough to support your claim. Your warrant may be directly stated, or it might just be implied. Though you may have never used the word warrant in this way, you actually use warrants all the time, and you even recognize when a warrant just isn't working. Suppose, for example, your roommate tells you to try this magic new pill to help you lose weight fast.
After you eye it suspiciously, you ask if it's safe. Within this scenario, you have a claim, a warrant, and a piece of evidence. Can you tell which is which? The evidence: It has been approved by the FDA. The warrant: The FDA is trustworthy and would never approve an unsafe medication. In this example, the warrant is left unstated. It is the underlying assumption that you must believe in order for the evidence to back up the claim.
But if you're like me and you really don't place that much trust in the FDA, then you probably aren't going to be convinced to take that pill. The claim is fine, the evidence is solid, but the warrant the assumption that links the evidence with the claim loses us. You then say to your roommate, "FDA approval means nothing to me. Those guys are notorious for approving unsafe drugs.
I'm not taking this. But you would never say that, just as your roommate would never say, "Let me, then, provide you with another piece of evidence with a warrant that appeals to you. I've been taking it for three months and I feel great, and both my sisters have used it for over a year and they swear by it.
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You have to admit your roommate looks pretty good, and she certainly seems healthy. And if other people have seen such success with no side effects, then maybe it really is safe. The warrant, or the underlying assumption here, is that since three people have taken it for several months with no ill effects, then you too will experience similar results. You buy into that assumption, therefore the evidence it worked for your roommate and two others is sufficient to support the claim the pill is safe. We evaluate claims, warrants, and evidence all the time in casual conversations--even when we don't realize it.
We are constantly making claims and searching for evidence that the people with whom we are speaking will find compelling—and what makes it compelling often lies at the level of the warrant--the assumption--that they must believe in order for them to value the evidence enough to buy into your claim. Prior to the Supreme Courts opinion on this case, Arizona vs.
Gant, it was standard practice for police to conduct a search incident to arrest of the passenger compartment of a vehicle Good Essays words 1.
The On The Fourth Amendment
Research Papers words 7. Search and seizure cases are governed by the 4th amendment and case law. The United States Supreme Court has crafted exceptions to the 4th amendment where law enforcement would ordinarily need to get a warrant to conduct a search. One of the exceptions to the warrant requirement falls under vehicle stops.
State or federal officers are allowed where justified to search your car, house, property in order to seize illegal items such as drugs, illegal weapons, stolen goods just to name a few. When the police do searches it can be for various reasons it depends on the situation. They can have a search warrant to go into a premises and confiscate illegal paraphernalia or when doing a routine traffic stop an officer might become suspicious of activity that is not normal and conduct a search of the vehicle to see why the driver is not acting normal During their search they found a gun in the car and a bag of cocaine in a jacket pocket laying on the backseat of the car Gant was driving.
Gant was charged with possession of the cocaine. He fought to have the evidence found in his car suppressed at trial because, he claimed, the search of his car had been unreasonable. Strong Essays words 2. The fourth amendment was made to keep innocent people from having their houses destroyed under false pretences. Now in order for a law enforcement officer to enter and search a house legally they must have a court order signed by the judge.
Toulmin Essay — Useful Recommendations for Writing
The fourth amendment gives people the right to have their own legal privacy Free Essays words 1. S Constitution came up with exclusive amendments in order to promote rights for its citizens. One of them is the Fourth amendment. The Fourth Amendment highlights the right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searches, and persons or things to be seized Worral, However, as times and generations have passed, the U.
Constitution remains the supreme law of the land. Among the most contemporary and controversial elements are the challenges of evolving interpretations of the freedom of speech, and search warrants, which have both had a major impact on society If no warrant is present and any evidence was obtained during an unlawful search, it cannot be admitted and must be dropped due to the exclusionary rule. The trial case of Mapp vs.
Ohio declared that all evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation of the Constitution is inadmissible in a criminal trial in a state court. The police attempted an illegal search and seizure in her home without a search warrant. This violates her Fourth Amendment rights.
Warrants in the Toulmin Model of Argument
The lower courts are split in the decision. The two cases that are been debated by the Supreme Court is Riley vs.
California and Wurie vs. United States. In Riley vs. California, it involved David Riley who was pulled over for having expired tags and driving with suspended license, which led to impound of his vehicle.
Once impounded the San Diego Police policy is to document contents inside the car where they found firearms However within this fully regulated government service, there are often debates over proper classroom environments, teaching tactics, and privacy issues. Today the main privacy issue in public schools is where to draw the line between keeping the school safe and maintaining the privacy of the students Boomer par Powerful Essays words 4. Due process is touched on in two amendments the fourth and the fifth.
Strong Essays words 3 pages Preview. Better Essays words 1. Perry because it was not the state of Texas government that made and erected the monument Strong Essays words 1.